When to use the formulas

Treatment Strategies

Can you add blood to remove dryness? Dang gui can do this.

Can you add qi to drain damp? Bai zhu can do his.

Can you add qi to remove phlegm? Rarely

Can you add blood to remove fire? Rarely

phlegm and fire will nearly always require releasing inflammation and destroying biofilms, removing mucus etc.

Fire plus damp = modern diet

Get the water out

keep the fire in check

very little need to nourish

Gu Ya

β-amylase can completely hydrolyze starch into sugar

α-amylase can hydrolyze starch into short straight-chain polyglucose;

Contains less α and β-amylase. And its ability of digesting starch is poorer than that of malt.

Huo xiang

Anti-bacteria such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus, Aerobacter aerogenes

Anti-fungal such as Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Conchosporium spp., Microsporous wool spores, Microsporum gypseum and Skin fungi such as red mulberry, canine nodules and flocculent epidermosis

Anti-Plasmodium

Anti-viral

 Inhibits leptospira

 Inhibits trypanosome

Anti-inflammatory

analgesic

antipyretic effects by down-regulating the mRNA of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1 beta, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2

Regulates gastro-intestinal movement

Increases digestive secretion

increases gastric acid secretion

improves pepsin activity

enhances secretion of amylase in pancreas

 improves serum amylase activity

Protects gut barrier by increasing intestinal mucus secretion reducing the number of enhanced mucosal mast cell

Reduces the activity of serum diamine oxidase and mucosal epithelial damage in intestine.

 Regulating immunity by activating white blood cells and peritoneal macrophages, and proliferating lymphocytes

Antiemetic

MuXiang

Inhibits gastro ulcer , increases Nitric oxide amount and SOD activity and reduces MDA amount

Regulates the gastric evacuation and movement of small intestine

 Increases bile secretion

Liver protective by significantly reducing ALT, AST and MDA.

 Antispasmodic in intestine

Anti-inflammatory by inhibiting the combination of  mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and activator protein 1 (AP-1), stimulating the activation of RAW 264.7 cell (mouse, macrophage) and inhibiting interleukin 1β  (IL-1β) gene expression

 Inhibits tumor growth